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|364||On the death of Jovian, a conference at Nicaea chooses Valentinan, an army officer who was born in the central European region of Pannania, to succeed him in Asia Minor.|
|1154||William the Bad succeeds his father, Roger the II, in Sicily.|
|1790||As a result of the Revolution, France is divided into 83 departments.|
|1815||Napoleon and 1,200 of his men leave Elba to start the 100-day re-conquest of France.|
|1848||Karl Marx and Frederick Engels publish The Communist Manifesto in London.|
|1871||France and Prussia sign a preliminary peace treaty at Versailles.|
|1901||Boxer Rebellion leaders Chi-Hsin and Hsu-Cheng-Yu are publicly executed in Peking.|
|1914||Russian aviator Igor Sikorsky carries 17 passengers in a twin engine plane in St. Petersburg.|
|1916||General Henri Philippe Petain takes command of the French forces at Verdun.|
|1917||President Wilson publicly asks congress for the power to arm merchant ships.|
|1924||U.S. steel industry finds claims an eight-hour day increases efficiency and employee relations.|
|1933||Ground is broken for the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco.|
|1936||Japanese military troops march into Tokyo to conduct a coup and assassinate political leaders.|
|1941||British take the Somali capital in East Africa.|
|1943||U.S. Flying Fortresses and Liberators pound German docks and U-boat lairs at Wilhelmshaven.|
|1945||Syria declares war on Germany and Japan.|
|1951||The 22nd Amendment is added to the Constitution limiting the Presidency to two terms.|
|1964||Lyndon B. Johnson signs a tax bill with $11.5 billion in cuts.|
|1965||Norman Butler is arrested for the murder of Malcom X.|
|1968||Thirty-two African nations agree to boycott the Olympics because of the presence of South Africa.|
|1970||Five Marines are arrested on charges of murdering 11 South Vietnamese women and children.|
|1972||Soviets recover Luna 20 with a cargo of moon rocks.|
|1973||A publisher and 10 reporters are subpoenaed to testify on Watergate.|
|1990||Daniel Ortega, communist president of Nicaragua, suffers a shocking election defeat at the hands of Violeta Chamorro.|
|1993||A bomb rocks the World Trade Center in New York City. Five people are killed and hundreds suffer from smoke inhalation.|
“Probably about 50 percent of all bones at this site will be seal bones,” Smiarowski says as we stand by the drainage ditch in a light rain. He speaks from experience: Seal bones have been abundant at every site he has studied, and his findings have been pivotal in reassessing how the Norse adapted to life in Greenland. The ubiquity of seal bones is evidence that the Norse began hunting the animals “from the very beginning,” Smiarowski says. “We see harp and hooded seal bones from the earliest layers at all sites.”If the Vikings adapted to Greenland's conditions like the Inuit did, why did the Vikings disappear from the historical record? Scientists have differing theories, as laid out in an article at Smithsonian.
A seal-based diet would have been a drastic shift from beef-and-dairy-centric Scandinavian fare. But a study of human skeletal remains from both the Eastern and Western settlements showed that the Vikings quickly adopted a new diet. Over time, the food we eat leaves a chemical stamp on our bones—marine-based diets mark us with different ratios of certain chemical elements than terrestrial foods do. Five years ago, researchers based in Scandinavia and Scotland analyzed the skeletons of 118 individuals from the earliest periods of settlement to the latest. The results perfectly complement Smiarowski’s fieldwork: Over time, people ate an increasingly marine diet, he says.
One could be forgiven for thinking that as a dog lover (or “dog slut,” as she laughingly describes herself), Lya Battle is out of control. But out of control is a matter of perspective. Especially considering how it was that Lya became renowned as the Mother Teresa of Mutts, the mistress of a place called Territorio de Zaguates (roughly translated as “kingdom of strays”), a situation that might never have happened the way it did if one day her father, who she adored, had not shot her mother, who she did not.So in this article at Outside you get both the story of Battle's family and the story of Costa Rica's largest dog shelter. -