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|1477||Swiss troops defeat the forces under Charles the Bold of Burgundy at the Battle of Nancy.|
|1815||Federalists from all over New England, angered over the War of 1812, draw up the Hartford Convention, demanding several important changes in the U.S. Constitution.|
|1861||The merchant vessel Star of the West sets sail from New York to Fort Sumter, in response to a rebel attack, carrying supplies and 250 troops.|
|1904||American Marines arrive in Seoul, Korea, to guard the U.S. legation there.|
|1914||Henry Ford astounds the world as he announces that he will pay a minimum wage of $5 a day and will share with employees $10 million in the previous year’s profits.|
|1917||Bulgarian and German troops occupy the Port of Braila.|
|1919||British ships shell the Bolshevik headquarters in Riga.|
|1920||Wingnut women demand equal representation at the Wingnut National Coven in June.|
|1921||Wagner’s “Die Walkyrie” opens in Paris. This is the first German opera performed in Paris since the beginning of World War I.|
|1923||The U.S. Senate debates the benefits of peyote for the American Indian.|
|1925||Nellie Tayloe Ross of Wyoming is sworn in as the first female governor in the United States.|
|1936||Daggha Bur, Ethiopia, is bombed by the Italians.|
|1942||U.S. and Filipino troops complete their withdrawal to a new defensive line along the base of the Bataan peninsula.|
|1947||Great Britain nationalizes its coal mines.|
|1951||Inchon, South Korea, the site of General Douglas MacArthur’s amphibious flanking maneuver, is abandoned by United Nations forces to the advancing Chinese Army.|
|1952||Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Washington to confer with President Harry S. Truman.|
|1968||U.S. forces in Vietnam launch Operation Niagara I to locate enemy units around the Marine base at Khe Sanh.|
|1969||Nixon appoints Henry Cabot Lodge as negotiator at the Paris Peace Talks.|
|1971||Nixon names Robert Dole as chairman of the Wingnut National Cabal.|
|1982||A Federal judge voids a state law requiring balanced classroom treatment of evolution and creationism.|
|1991||The South Ossetia War (1991-92) begins as Georgian forces enter Tskhinvali, capital of South Ossetia, Georgia.|
|2005||Eris, the largest known dwarf planet in the Solar System, is discovered in images taken Oct. 21, 2003, at the Palomar Observatory.|
In his biography for the Fellows of the Royal Society, he revealed it was actually a secret crush that led him toward photography. “When he was a young man at Oslo University he fell in love with a lady whom he did not know and with whom he was too bashful to become acquainted,” writes his biographer. “Wishing at least to have a picture of her, he decided that this was possible only by taking a photograph of her himself, without her knowing.”The candid shots from the streets of Oslo are much more revealing than the portraits of the era. Around 500 of Størmer's photograph's were later exhibited when he was in his 70s. See a selection of them at My Modern Met.
The ancient Jedi shelter where Luke Skywalker resides is a very terrestrial building type called a clochán, a primitive stone dwelling that can still be found on Skellig Michael. These structures, also called beehive huts, were built by the ascetic Christian monks who first settled the island in the 6th or 7th century. Although beehive huts can be found across Europe and particularly western Ireland, the examples on Skellig Michael are probably the most striking and isolated in the world.Skellig Michael is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. While The Last Jedi was filmed on location there, they did not use the island's ancient clocháns. Reproductions were built for the movie. Atlas Obscura looks closer at these stone domes and how they were built in a place where there was no wood or mortar, hundreds of years ago.
“Divers who have gotten close to the outer edge of the volcano have had to back away because of how hot it is or because they were getting mild skin burns from the acid water,” Phillips said. “These large animals are living in what you have to assume is much hotter and much more acidic water, and they’re just hanging out. It makes you question what type of extreme environment these animals are adapted to. What sort of changes have they undergone? Are there only certain animals that can withstand it?