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|1601||The Treaty of Lyon ends a short war between France and Savoy.|
|1746||Charles Edward Stuart, the young pretender, defeats the government forces at the Battle of Falkirk in Scotland.|
|1773||Captain James Cook becomes the first person to cross the Antarctic Circle.|
|1819||Simon Bolivar, the “liberator”, proclaims Columbia a republic.|
|1893||Queen Liliuokalani, the Hawaiian monarch, is overthrown by a group of American sugar planters led by Sanford Ballard Dole.|
|1852||At the Sand River Convention, the British recognize the independence of the Transvaal Board.|
|1912||Robert Scott reaches the South Pole only a month after Roald Amundsen.|
|1939||The Reich issues an order forbidding Jews to practice as dentists, veterinarians and chemists.|
|1945||The Red Army occupies Warsaw.|
|1963||Soviet leader Khrushchev visits the Berlin Wall.|
|1985||A jury in New Jersey rules that terminally ill patients have the right to starve themselves.|
Specifically, your sex hormones. Testosterone and estrogen are two of the biggest drivers of fat storage—they’re the whole reason that men and women tend to have different body shapes when it comes to chub. Biologically female bodies stash the stuff in thighs and butts, whereas male bodies tend to pack pounds onto the stomach. This is also partly why men tend to have more cardiovascular problems. Abdominal fat exacerbates metabolic issues and triggers all kinds of metabolic changes that have a negative impact on your cardiovascular system.The way your body does this is way more complicated than just that. For example, too little testosterone has the same effect as too much testosterone! To learn the effects of hormones on body fat, scientists study the ways hormones change, specifically, at puberty and menopause, during gender reassignment therapy, and under abnormal genetic conditions. Read about the role of hormones in distributing your body fat at Popular Science.
In 1932, the Federal Radio Commission (later supplanted by the Federal Communications Commission), banished from the airwaves fortune-tellers, mystics, seers, and other people peddling dubious claims, but concern remained about what was fit to air and how to enforce rules about truth in advertising. A 1936 edition of Hygeia, a publication of the AMA, lamented that “no adequate and prompt measures are as yet available to curb venal radio stations from selling ‘time’ to anyone who pays the price.”These Mexican radio stations broadcast with up to a million watts of power, reaching across the US and beyond. That's how John R. Brinkley advertised his surgery to implant goat gonads in humans, and made a fortune. Of course, the marketing of dubious quick cures continues on the internet. Read about the era of quack cures on the radio at Atlas Obscura.
And when regulators did catch up with fraudsters, enterprising quacks got creative. By setting up towers and transmitters in small towns south of the United States/Mexico border, a phalanx of fabulists launched their own stations, beyond the reach of many regulations.
The ducks had their origins in the mid-1800s, when rubber manufacturing began to gain ground. Out of the many animals crafted, they were the most native to water and broke away from the pack. Families who used to make bathing a weekly event prior to Sunday church sessions would entice children to submerge themselves in the murky tubs with a duck, some of which didn’t float. They were intended as chew toys.Anything that makes bathing a child easier is bound to be popular. The improvements in the rubber duck came because it was popular, which made it a user-driven design. Read what else happened to the classic rubber duck on its way to your bathroom at Mental Floss.