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|4004 BC||According to 17th century divine James Ussher, Archbishop of Armagh, and Dr. John Lightfoot of Cambridge, the world was created on this day, a Sunday, at 9 a.m.|
|1641||A rebellion takes place in Ireland. Catholics, under Phelim O’Neill, rise against the Protestants and massacre men, women and children to the number of 40,000 (some say 100,000).|
|1694||American colonial forces led by Sir William Phips, fail in their attempt to seize Quebec.|
|1707||The first Parliament of Great Britain meets.|
|1783||Virginia emancipates slaves who fought for independence during the Revolutionary War.|
|1861||Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus in Washington, D.C. for all military-related cases.|
|1918||President Woodrow Wilson feels satisfied that the Germans are accepting his armistice terms and agrees to transmit their request for an armistice to the Allies. The Germans have agreed to suspend submarine warfare, cease inhumane practices such as the use of poison gas, and withdraw troops back into Germany.|
|1929||The first transcontinental air service begins from New York to Los Angeles.|
|1942||The Western Task Force, destined for North Africa, departs from Hampton Roads, Virginia.|
|1952||The Nobel Prize for Medicine is awarded to Ukranian-born microbiologist Selman A. Waksman for his discovery of an effective treatment of tuberculosis.|
|1954||In Paris, an agreement is signed providing for West German sovereignty and permitting West Germany to rearm and enter NATO and the Western European Union.|
|1973||A U.N. sanctioned cease-fire officially ends the Yom Kippur war between Israel and Syria.|
|1983||A truck filled with explosives, driven by a Muslim terrorist, crashes into the U.S. Marine barracks in Beirut, Lebanon. The bomb kills 237 Marines and injures 80. Almost simultaneously, a similar incident occurs at French military headquarters, where 58 die and 15 are injured.|
|1989||The Hungarian Republic replaces the communist Hungarian People’s Republic.|
|1998||Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Palestinian Chairman Yasser Arafat reach a “land for peace” agreement.|
|2002||Chechen terrorists take 700 theater-goers hostage at the House of Culture theater in Moscow.|
|2004||An earthquake in Japan kills 35, injures 2,200, and leaves 85,000 homeless or displaced.|
|2011||The Libyan National Transition Council declares the Libyan civil war over.|
|2012||The world’s oldest teletext service, BBC’s Ceefax, ceases operation.|
3. THEY CAN DESIGN AND PRODUCE A COSTUME IN A MATTER OF DAYS.Another thing about selling trendy costumes is that a customer won't want to wear the same costume a year later, so there's another sale coming. Read more secrets from Halloween costume makers at Mental Floss.
A lot of costume interest comes from what’s been making headlines in the fall: Costumers have to be ready to meet that demand. “We’re pretty good at being able to react quickly,” says Pilar Quintana, vice-president of merchandising for Yandy.com. “Something happening in April may not be strong enough to stick around for Halloween.”
Because the mail-order site has in-house models and isn’t beholden to approval from big box vendors, Quintana can design and photograph a costume so it’s available within 72 hours. If it's more elaborate, it can take a little longer: Both Yandy and Weeks had costumes inspired by the Cecil the Lion story that broke in July 2015 (in which a trophy hunter from Minnesota killed an African lion) on their sites in a matter of weeks.
11. DEAD CELEBRITIES MEAN SALES.
It may be morbid, but it’s a reality: The high-profile passing of celebrities, especially close to Halloween, can trigger a surge in sales. “Before Robin Williams died, I couldn’t sell a Mork costume for a dollar,” Weeks says. “After he died, I couldn’t not sell it for less than $100.” This year, designers expect Hugh Hefner to fuel costume ideas—unless something else pops up suddenly to grab their attention. “Last year, when Prince died, that was almost trumped by [presidential debate audience member] Ken Bone,” Berman says. “He became almost more popular than Prince.”
Ads were placed in newspapers across the country, targeting girls, 18 to 25, who thought they had the right “vampire looks.” One newspaper story about the promotion, dredged up by the blog Dark Shadows in the Press, said that contestants would be judged by their interpretation of the vampire aesthetic, as well as “charm, poise, stage presence, and videogenic qualities for television.” One TV ad for the competition read, “It’s a contest you can sink your teeth into.”You might be surprised to find out who won that beauty pageant, and what happened afterward. You can read all about it at Atlas Obscura.
Leading up to the release of House of Dark Shadows, regional beauty contests were held in a number of cities, from Dallas to Philadelphia to Miami. These prelims produced a handful of finalists, who traveled to Los Angeles to compete for the title on September 10, 1970. One of the judges for the New Jersey regional competition recalls her experience in the book The Dark Shadows Companion: 25th Anniversary Collection, saying, “It was fun for the first five minutes. After that it got terribly depressing. Some of the girls came in bikinis. Some of them came dressed as witches or vampires or dead bodies. One girl stood in front of me and just stared.”