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|1430||Burgundians capture Joan of Arc and sell her to the English.|
|1533||Henry VIII‘s marriage to Catherine of Aragon is declared null and void.|
|1618||The Thirty Years War begins.|
|1701||Captain William Kidd, the Scottish pirate, is hanged on the banks of the Thames.|
|1785||Benjamin Franklin announces his invention of bifocals.|
|1788||South Carolina becomes the eighth state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.|
|1861||Pro-Union and pro-Confederate forces clash in western Virginia.|
|1862||Confederate General “Stonewall” Jackson takes Front Royal, Virginia.|
|1864||Union General Ulysses Grant attempts to outflank Confederate Robert E. Lee in the Battle of North Anna, Virginia.|
|1900||Civil War hero Sgt. William H. Carney becomes the first African American to receive the Medal of Honor, thirty-seven years after the Battle of Fort Wagner.|
|1915||Italy declares war on Austria-Hungary.|
|1934||Gangsters Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow are killed by Texas Rangers.|
|1945||Heinrich Himmler, the head of the Nazi Gestapo, commits suicide after being captured by Allied forces.|
|1949||The Federal Republic of West Germany is proclaimed.|
|1960||Israel announces the capture of Nazi Adolf Eichmann in Argentina.|
“When a person donates more than half of their liver to someone who needs a transplant, the liver returns to its original size in nearly two weeks,” Reau tells Mental Floss. According to a 2009 study in the Journal of Cell Physiology, evolutionary safeguards are responsible for this regenerative effect due to the numerous functions performed by the liver. “This process allows liver to recover lost mass without jeopardizing viability of the entire organism,” the authors write.
The VtdK formed around the same time that modern medicine began to be professionalized in the late 1800s. According to a history on the Society’s website, the Dutch Society for the Advancement of Medicine, which was founded in 1849, was having trouble policing the unlicensed and unqualified medical practitioners of the day. In an effort to raise awareness of the growing number of quacks operating in the Netherlands, they published a pamphlet in 1878 detailing how to identify a quack, and what to do about them. From this initial bit of literature, the Society Against Quackery was born.But the more things change, the more they stay the same. The society its still in business, still fighting bad medicine! Read about their history, their work, and what they are doing today, at Atlas Obscura.