Spring is in the Air
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|1413||Henry IV of England is succeed by his son Henry V.|
|1739||In India, Nadir Shah of Persia occupies Delhi and takes possession of the Peacock throne.|
|1760||The Great Fire of Boston destroys 349 buildings.|
|1792||In Paris, the Legislative Assembly approves the use of the guillotine.|
|1815||Napoleon Bonaparte enters Paris and begins his 100-day rule.|
|1841||Edgar Allen Poe's The Murders in the Rue Morgue, considered the first detective story, is published.|
|1852||Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin is published.|
|1906||Army officers in Russia mutiny at Sevastopol.|
|1915||The French call off the Champagne offensive on the Western Front.|
|1918||The Bolsheviks of the Soviet Union ask for American aid to rebuild their army.|
|1922||President Warren G. Harding orders U.S. troops back from the Rhineland.|
|1932||The German dirigible, Graf Zepplin, makes the first flight to South America on regular schedule.|
|1939||President Franklin D. Roosevelt names William O. Douglas to the Supreme Court.|
|1940||The British Royal Air Force conducts an all-night air raid on the Nazi airbase at Sylt, Germany.|
|1943||The Allies attack Field Marshall Erwin Rommel's forces on the Mareth Line in North Africa.|
|1965||President Lyndon B. Johnson orders 4,000 troops to protect the Selma-Montgomery civil rights marchers.|
|1969||Senator Edward Kennedy calls on the United States to close all bases in Taiwan.|
|1976||Patty Hearst is convicted of armed robbery.|
|1982||U.S. scientists return from Antarctica with the first land mammal fossils found there.|
|1987||The United State approves AZT, a drug that is proven to slow the progress of AIDS.|
Meanwhile, progress is being made to legalize cellphone unlocking. With grassroots groups leading the charge, the Obama administration announced its support for overturning the ban last week. Since then, members of Congress have authored no fewer than four bills to legalize unlocking. This is a step in the right direction, but it’s not enough. Let’s make one thing clear: Fixing our cars, tractors, and cellphones should have nothing to do with copyright.
As long as Congress focuses on just unlocking cellphones, they’re missing the larger point. Senators could pass a hundred unlocking bills; five years from now large companies will find some other copyright claim to limit consumer choice. To really solve the problem, Congress must enact meaningful copyright reform. The potential economic benefits are significant, as free information creates jobs. Service information is freely available online for many smartphones from iFixit (my organization) and other websites. Not coincidentally, thousands of cellphone repair businesses have sprung up in recent years, using the repair knowledge to keep broken cellphones out of landfills.
As long as we’re limited in our ability to modify and repair things, copyright — for all objects — will discourage creativity. It will cost us money. It will cost us jobs. And it’s already costing us our freedom.
Because laser is an acronym for “light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation,” these new contraptions – which exploit particles of sound called phonons – should properly be called phasers. Such devices could one day be used in ultrasound medical imaging, computer parts, high-precision measurements, and many other places.Adam Mann of Wired has the story: Here.
A laser is created when a bunch of light particles, known as photons, are emitted at a specific and very narrow wavelength. The photons all travel in the same direction at the same time, allowing them to efficiently carry energy from one place to another. Since their invention more than 50 years ago, almost all lasers have used light waves. Early on, scientists speculated that sound waves be used instead, but this has proved tricky to actually achieve.
It wasn’t until 2010 that researchers built the very first sound lasers, coaxing a collection of phonons to travel together. But those first devices were hybrid models that used the light from a traditional laser to create a coherent sound emission.
The 22-ton bridge, which was 25 meters long, was in a village in Kocaeli's Gölçük district and was regularly used by villagers to cross a creek to reach their orchards. The villagers were astonished to discover the disappearance of the bridge on Monday morning as they were making their way to the orchards and immediately alerted the police.Meanwhile, villagers must the creek by wading. More
Police arrived at the scene and determined that the bridge had been cut apart and loaded onto a truck by the thieves. They believe the bridge was stolen for scrap metal. Its worth was an estimated TL 20,000.
Scholars aren't quite sure about the origins of applause. What they do know is that clapping is very old, and very common, and very tenacious -- "a remarkably stable facet of human culture." Babies do it, seemingly instinctually. The Bible makes many mentions of applause - as acclamation, and as celebration. ("And they proclaimed him king and anointed him, and they clapped their hands and said, 'Long live the king!'")But applause itself went through many changes, as it was used for different purposes. And today we are experimenting with digital methods of approval, so we can applaud even where no one can hear the sound of two hands clapping. Read the entire story at the Atlantic.
But clapping was formalized -- in Western culture, at least -- in the theater. "Plaudits" (the word comes from the Latin "to strike," and also "to explode") were the common way of ending a play. At the close of the performance, the chief actor would yell, "Valete et plaudite!" ("Goodbye and applause!") -- thus signaling to the audience, in the subtle manner preferred by centuries of thespians, that it was time to give praise. And thus turning himself into, ostensibly, one of the world's first human applause signs.
Originally, the way we handled death in America was very simple, something I would ideally like to go back to. If somebody died, the family kept the body in the home. They washed them, wrapped them in a shroud, and then carried them to the graveyard and put them directly in the ground.Read more about the traditions of the past surrounding death, and how historic events shaped the way we deal with the loss of a loved one today. More
Collectors Weekly: All within a short time after a person’s death?
Doughty: Yeah, two days or so after the death. But this was in very small towns with communities that could rally to make this happen. There were huge numbers of fatalities during the early years of the American Colonies. Eventually capitalism took over, and death was pulled away from the family.
The first major change was embalming, a chemical treatment of the corpse to preserve it, which is a uniquely American practice. Embalming started during the Civil War, and soon after, anybody could be embalmed, and it was more about creating a standardized product, or what they now call a “memory picture.” Especially in the growing cities, it became clear that taking care of the body yourself was hard emotional work, and people realized they could pay somebody to do it. People who used to be cabinet makers now said, “I can make coffins,” and people who were just dressmakers were like, “I can make funeral mourning clothes,” and all these things now sold as part of the funeral industry.
The services quickly became centralized, with a funeral director or mortician or undertaker, somebody who could take the body away and handle everything. Now the family didn’t have to do any of the hard work around their loved one’s death. This transition happened in the late 19th century, and spilled over into the early 20th century as well.