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|1486||Henry VII marries Elizabeth of York.|
|1701||Frederick III, the elector of Brandenburg, becomes king of Prussia.|
|1778||Captain James Cook discovers the Hawaiian Islands, naming them the ‘Sandwich Islands’ after the First Lord of the Admiralty, Lord Sandwich.|
|1836||Jim Bowie arrives at the Alamo to assist its Texas defenders.|
|1862||John Tyler, former president of the United States, is buried at Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, VA.|
|1902||The Isthmus Canal Commission in Washington shifts its support from Nicaragua to Panama as a favored canal site.|
|1911||Aviator Eugene Ely performs the first successful take off and landing from a ship in San Francisco Bay.|
|1916||The Russians force the Turkish 3rd Army back to Erzurum.|
|1942||General MacArthur repels the Japanese in Bataan. The United States takes the lead in the Far East war crime trials.|
|1945||The German Army launches its second attempt to relieve the besieged city of Budapest from the advancing Red Army.|
|1948||Gandhi breaks a 121-hour fast after halting Muslim-Hindu riots.|
|1962||The United States begins spraying foliage with herbicides in South Vietnam, in order to reveal the whereabouts of Vietcong guerrillas.|
|1964||Plans are disclosed for the World Trade Center in New York.|
|1978||The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) isolate the cause of Legionnaire’s disease.|
|1991||Iraq starts firing Scud missiles at Israeli cities.|
Customs agents found 475 Equanil tablets and 688 Dexedrine capsules stashed in his guitar case and threw him in jail. Cash spent a night in jail and, two months later, plead guilty to the possession of illegal drugs.The National States Rights Party, an Alabama white supremacist group, republished the photo in its newspaper, The Thunderbolt, with an article that dripped with racist rhetoric. The money generated by Cash’s hit records, it claimed, went “to scum like Johnny Cash to keep them supplied with dope and negro women.”
He got off with a deferred sentence and a $1,000 fine—and had no idea that, as he walked down the courthouse steps in El Paso, Texas, with his wife Vivian, he was about to spark a firestorm.
An Associated Press photo of Cash and Vivian ran in newspapers the next day—and to some readers, it appeared that Vivian, an Italian-American woman who was rarely photographed, was black.
Cash was harassed and boycotted by some Southern fans. “Johnny and I received death threats, and an already shameful situation was made infinitely worse,” recalled Vivian in her 2008 memoir.
In an October 1966 article, Variety described Cash as “the innocent victim of a targeted hate campaign in the south.” The “racial error,” wrote the anonymous author, had sparked boycotts and threats. “In the code of the south,” the article continued, “there is no greater crime than miscegenation.” At the time, interracial marriages were banned throughout the South.