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|1450||Jack Cade’s Rebellion–Kentishmen revolt against King Henry VI.|
|1541||Hernando de Soto discovers the Mississippi River which he calls Rio de Espiritu Santo.|
|1559||An act of supremacy defines Queen Elizabeth I as the supreme governor of the church of England.|
|1794||The United States Post Office is established.|
|1846||The first major battle of the Mexican War is fought at Palo Alto, Texas.|
|1862||General ‘Stonewall’ Jackson repulses the Federals at the Battle of McDowell, in the Shenendoah Valley.|
|1864||Union troops arrive at Spotsylvania Court House to find the Confederates waiting for them.|
|1886||Atlanta pharmacist John Pemberton invents Coca Cola.|
|1895||China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki.|
|1904||U.S. Marines land in Tangier, North Africa, to protect the Belgian legation.|
|1919||The first transatlantic flight by a navy seaplane takes-off.|
|1933||Mahatma Gandhi—actual name Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi—begins a hunger strike to protest British oppression in India.|
|1940||German commandos in Dutch uniforms cross the Dutch border to hold bridges for the advancing German army.|
|1942||The Battle of the Coral Sea between the Japanese Navy and the U.S. Navy ends.|
|1945||The final surrender of German forces is celebrated as VE (Victory Europe) day.|
|1952||Allied fighter-bombers stage the largest raid of the war on North Korea.|
|1958||President Dwight Eisenhower orders the National Guard out of Little Rock as Ernest Green becomes the first black to graduate from an Arkansas public school.|
|1967||Boxer Muhammad Ali is indicted for refusing induction in U.S. Army.|
|1984||The Soviet Union announces it will not participate in Summer Olympics planned for Los Angeles.|
|1995||Jacques Chirac is elected president of France.|
The beauty patch took off at a time when French men and women alike wore extensive makeup, including white powder in their hair and white paint on their faces, accented with rouge on the cheeks and bright vermillion lipstick. Religious conservatives and other cultural critics, particularly those in more pious England, frequently denounced the dishonesty of cosmetics like patches.the fad of beauty patches and the different ways they were used at Collectors Weekly.
In his 17th-century book, Anthropometamorphosis: Man Transformed; Or, The Artificial Changeling, British author and physician John Bulwer took an anthropological approach to popular body modifications in various cultures around the world. Bulwer included an illustration in the 1653 edition comparing the European affinity for face patches with tattoos, henna, masks, veils, and piercings in other locales, deliberately exaggerating the trend by depicting a woman wearing a patch in the shape of a horse-drawn carriage.
A very, very small quadcopter, one inch in diameter can carry a one- or two-gram shaped charge. You can order them from a drone manufacturer in China. You can program the code to say: “Here are thousands of photographs of the kinds of things I want to target.” A one-gram shaped charge can punch a hole in nine millimeters of steel, so presumably you can also punch a hole in someone’s head. You can fit about three million of those in a semi-tractor-trailer. You can drive up I-95 with three trucks and have 10 million weapons attacking New York City. They don’t have to be very effective, only 5 or 10% of them have to find the target.
There will be manufacturers producing millions of these weapons that people will be able to buy just like you can buy guns now, except millions of guns don’t matter unless you have a million soldiers. You need only three guys to write the program and launch them. So you can just imagine that in many parts of the world humans will be hunted. They will be cowering underground in shelters and devising techniques so that they don’t get detected. This is the ever-present cloud of lethal autonomous weapons.
They could be here in two to three years.
— Stuart Russell, professor of computer science and engineering at the University of California BerkeleyWhat a intro to a starkly unsettling article.
...lethal autonomous weapons systems (LAWS): weapons that have the ability to independently select and engage targets... humans out of the loop — where the human releases the machine to perform a task and that’s it — no supervision, no recall, no stop function.There's more at Buzzfeed.
One of the very real problems with attempting to preemptively ban LAWS is that they kind of already exist. Many countries have defensive systems with autonomous modes that can select and attack targets without human intervention — they recognize incoming fire and act to neutralize it... Meanwhile, offensive systems already exist, too: Take Israel’s Harpy and second-generation Harop, which enter an area, hunt for enemy radar, and kamikaze into it, regardless of where they are set up. The Harpy is fully autonomous...
Among the lauded new technologies is swarms — weapons moving in large formations with one controller somewhere far away on the ground clicking computer keys. Think hundreds of small drones moving as one, like a lethal flock of birds...
I worry it will breed way more terrorist activities. You can call them insurgents, you can call them terrorists, I don’t care, when you realize that you can’t ever fight the state mano-a-mano anymore, if people are pissed off, they’ll find a way to vent that frustration, and they will probably take it out on people who are defenseless.
Following the hanging, rumors spread far and wide that Holmes – a master con man and manipulator – had paid off prison guards to hang a cadaver or some unsuspecting fellow inmate in his place and let him slip off into hiding in South America. Now, almost 121 years later and following a request from a descendant of Holmes, a Pennsylvania court has issued an order to have the alleged remains of the murderer dug up from his unmarked grave in Holy Cross Cemetery outside of Philadelphia.We can all assume he is dead, whether or not he is buried in that specific grave. The University of Pennsylvania’s Department of Anthropology will do the forensics to identify whether the remains are those of Holmes. I'm sure the exhumation has nothing to do with the upcoming movie about Holmes.
“Why are we still fascinated by him?” John Russick, vice president for interpretation and education at the Chicago History Museum, told Fox News. “Part of it is the morbid curiosity in his crimes, but part of it is the effort to confirm that he is dead and was not actually able to outwit the law. There is the desire to confirm that legend is not true.”