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|1486||Henry VII marries Elizabeth of York.|
|1701||Frederick III, the elector of Brandenburg, becomes king of Prussia.|
|1778||Captain James Cook discovers the Hawaiian Islands, naming them the ‘Sandwich Islands’ after the First Lord of the Admiralty, Lord Sandwich.|
|1836||Jim Bowie arrives at the Alamo to assist its Texas defenders.|
|1862||John Tyler, former president of the United States, is buried at Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, VA.|
|1902||The Isthmus Canal Commission in Washington shifts its support from Nicaragua to Panama as a favored canal site.|
|1911||Aviator Eugene Ely performs the first successful take off and landing from a ship in San Francisco Bay.|
|1916||The Russians force the Turkish 3rd Army back to Erzurum.|
|1942||General MacArthur repels the Japanese in Bataan. The United States takes the lead in the Far East war crime trials.|
|1945||The German Army launches its second attempt to relieve the besieged city of Budapest from the advancing Red Army.|
|1948||Gandhi breaks a 121-hour fast after halting Muslim-Hindu riots.|
|1962||The United States begins spraying foliage with herbicides in South Vietnam, in order to reveal the whereabouts of Vietcong guerrillas.|
|1964||Plans are disclosed for the World Trade Center in New York.|
|1978||The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) isolate the cause of Legionnaire’s disease.|
|1991||Iraq starts firing Scud missiles at Israeli cities.|
Customs agents found 475 Equanil tablets and 688 Dexedrine capsules stashed in his guitar case and threw him in jail. Cash spent a night in jail and, two months later, plead guilty to the possession of illegal drugs.The National States Rights Party, an Alabama white supremacist group, republished the photo in its newspaper, The Thunderbolt, with an article that dripped with racist rhetoric. The money generated by Cash’s hit records, it claimed, went “to scum like Johnny Cash to keep them supplied with dope and negro women.”
He got off with a deferred sentence and a $1,000 fine—and had no idea that, as he walked down the courthouse steps in El Paso, Texas, with his wife Vivian, he was about to spark a firestorm.
An Associated Press photo of Cash and Vivian ran in newspapers the next day—and to some readers, it appeared that Vivian, an Italian-American woman who was rarely photographed, was black.
Cash was harassed and boycotted by some Southern fans. “Johnny and I received death threats, and an already shameful situation was made infinitely worse,” recalled Vivian in her 2008 memoir.
In an October 1966 article, Variety described Cash as “the innocent victim of a targeted hate campaign in the south.” The “racial error,” wrote the anonymous author, had sparked boycotts and threats. “In the code of the south,” the article continued, “there is no greater crime than miscegenation.” At the time, interracial marriages were banned throughout the South.
|1601||The Treaty of Lyon ends a short war between France and Savoy.|
|1746||Charles Edward Stuart, the young pretender, defeats the government forces at the Battle of Falkirk in Scotland.|
|1773||Captain James Cook becomes the first person to cross the Antarctic Circle.|
|1819||Simon Bolivar, the “liberator”, proclaims Columbia a republic.|
|1893||Queen Liliuokalani, the Hawaiian monarch, is overthrown by a group of American sugar planters led by Sanford Ballard Dole.|
|1852||At the Sand River Convention, the British recognize the independence of the Transvaal Board.|
|1912||Robert Scott reaches the South Pole only a month after Roald Amundsen.|
|1939||The Reich issues an order forbidding Jews to practice as dentists, veterinarians and chemists.|
|1945||The Red Army occupies Warsaw.|
|1963||Soviet leader Khrushchev visits the Berlin Wall.|
|1985||A jury in New Jersey rules that terminally ill patients have the right to starve themselves.|
Specifically, your sex hormones. Testosterone and estrogen are two of the biggest drivers of fat storage—they’re the whole reason that men and women tend to have different body shapes when it comes to chub. Biologically female bodies stash the stuff in thighs and butts, whereas male bodies tend to pack pounds onto the stomach. This is also partly why men tend to have more cardiovascular problems. Abdominal fat exacerbates metabolic issues and triggers all kinds of metabolic changes that have a negative impact on your cardiovascular system.The way your body does this is way more complicated than just that. For example, too little testosterone has the same effect as too much testosterone! To learn the effects of hormones on body fat, scientists study the ways hormones change, specifically, at puberty and menopause, during gender reassignment therapy, and under abnormal genetic conditions. Read about the role of hormones in distributing your body fat at Popular Science.
In 1932, the Federal Radio Commission (later supplanted by the Federal Communications Commission), banished from the airwaves fortune-tellers, mystics, seers, and other people peddling dubious claims, but concern remained about what was fit to air and how to enforce rules about truth in advertising. A 1936 edition of Hygeia, a publication of the AMA, lamented that “no adequate and prompt measures are as yet available to curb venal radio stations from selling ‘time’ to anyone who pays the price.”These Mexican radio stations broadcast with up to a million watts of power, reaching across the US and beyond. That's how John R. Brinkley advertised his surgery to implant goat gonads in humans, and made a fortune. Of course, the marketing of dubious quick cures continues on the internet. Read about the era of quack cures on the radio at Atlas Obscura.
And when regulators did catch up with fraudsters, enterprising quacks got creative. By setting up towers and transmitters in small towns south of the United States/Mexico border, a phalanx of fabulists launched their own stations, beyond the reach of many regulations.
The ducks had their origins in the mid-1800s, when rubber manufacturing began to gain ground. Out of the many animals crafted, they were the most native to water and broke away from the pack. Families who used to make bathing a weekly event prior to Sunday church sessions would entice children to submerge themselves in the murky tubs with a duck, some of which didn’t float. They were intended as chew toys.Anything that makes bathing a child easier is bound to be popular. The improvements in the rubber duck came because it was popular, which made it a user-driven design. Read what else happened to the classic rubber duck on its way to your bathroom at Mental Floss.
|1547||Ivan IV crowns himself the new Czar of Russia in Assumption Cathedral in Moscow.|
|1786||The Council of Virginia guarantees religious freedom.|
|1847||John C. Fremont, the famed “Pathfinder” of Western exploration, is appointed governor of California.|
|1865||General William T. Sherman begins a march through the Carolinas.|
|1900||The U.S. Senate recognizes the Anglo-German Treaty of 1899 by which the UK renounced its rights to the Samoan Islands.|
|1909||One of Ernest Shackleton‘s polar exploration teams reaches the Magnetic South Pole.|
|1914||Maxim Gorky is authorized to return to Russia after an eight year exile for political dissidence.|
|1920||The League of Nations holds its first meeting in Paris.|
|1920||The Allies lift the blockade on trade with Russia.|
|1939||Franklin D. Roosevelt asks for an extension of the Social Security Act to include more women and children.|
|1940||Hitler cancels an attack in the West due to bad weather and the capture of German attack plans in Belgium.|
|1942||Japan’s advance into Burma begins.|
|1944||Eisenhower assumes supreme command of the Allied Expeditionary Force in Europe.|
|1945||The U.S. First and Third armies link up at Houffalize, effectively ending the Battle of the Bulge.|
|1956||The Egyptian government makes Islam the state religion.|
|1965||Eighteen are arrested in Mississippi for the murder of three civil rights workers.|
|1975||The Irish Republican Army calls an end to a 25-day cease fire in Belfast.|
|1979||The Shah leaves Iran.|
|1991||The Persian Gulf War begins. The massive U.S.-led offensive against Iraq — Operation Desert Storm — ends on February 28, 1991 when the elder shrub declares a cease-fire and Iraq pledges to honor future coalition and U.N. peace terms.|