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|1501||Arthur Tudor of England marries Katherine of Aragon.|
|1812||As Napoleon Bonaparte‘s army retreats form Moscow, temperatures drop to 20 degrees below zero.|
|1851||Herman Melville’s novel Moby Dick is published in New York.|
|1882||Billy Clairborne, a survivor of the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral, loses his life in a shoot-out with Buckskin Frank Leslie.|
|1908||Albert Einstein presents his quantum theory of light.|
|1910||Lieutenant Eugene Ely, U.S. Navy, becomes the first man to take off in an airplane from the deck of a ship. He flew from the ship Birmingham at Hampton Roads to Norfolk.|
|1921||The Cherokee Indians ask the U.S. Supreme Court to review their claim to 1 million acres of land in Texas.|
|1922||The British Broadcasting Company (BBC) begins the first daily radio broadcasts from Marconi House.|
|1930||Right-wing militarists in Japan attempt to assassinate Premier Hamaguchi.|
|1935||Manuel Luis Quezon is sworn in as the first Filipino president, as the Commonwealth of the Philippines is inaugurated.|
|1940||German bombers devastate Coventry in Great Britain, killing 1,000 in the worst air raid of the war.|
|1951||The United States and Yugoslavia sign a military aid pact.|
|1951||French paratroopers capture Hoa Binh, Vietnam.|
|1960||New Orleans integrates two all-white schools.|
|1960||President Dwight Eisenhower orders U.S. naval units into the Caribbean after Guatemala and Nicaragua charge Castro with starting uprisings.|
|1961||President John Kennedy increases the number of American advisors in Vietnam from 1,000 to 16,000.|
|1963||Iceland gets a new island when a volcano pushes its way up out of the sea five miles off the southern coast.|
|1963||Greece frees hundreds who were jailed in the Communist uprising of 1944-1950.|
|1965||The U.S. First Cavalry Division battles with the North Vietnamese Army in the Ia Drang Valley, the first ground combat for American troops.|
|1968||Yale University announces its plan to go co-ed.|
|1969||The United States launches Apollo 12, the second mission to the Moon, from Cape Kennedy.|
|1979||US President Jimmy Carter freezes all Iranian assets in the United States in response to Iranian militants holding more than 50 Americans hostage.|
|1982||Lech Walesa, leader of Poland’s outlawed Solidarity movement, is released by communist authorities after 11 months confinement; he would win the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983 and be elected Poland’s president in 1990.|
|1984||The Space Shuttle Discovery‘s crew rescues a second satellite.|
|1990||Poland and the Federal Republic of Germany sign a treaty officially making the Oder-Neisse line the border between their countries.|
|1995||A budget standoff between Democrats and Republicans in the US Congress forces temporary closure of national parks and museums; federal agencies are forced to operate with skeleton staff.|
|2001||Northern Alliance fighters take control of Afghanistan’s capital, Kabul.|
|2008||The first G-20 economic summit convenes, in Washington, DC.|
|2012||Israel launches Operation Pillar of Defense against the Hamas-governed Gaza Strip.|
Are you dissatisfied and worried in an introspective, overthinking German way? You’ve got angst.Now for the most emo of the three, Ennui:
Are you tired, so tired of everything about the world and the way it is? Do you proclaim this, with a long, slow sigh, to everyone around you? You’ve got ennui.
Do you have sadness in your heart for the world that can never be and sensible shoes? You’ve got weltschmerz.Read How To Tell Whether You've Got Angst, Ennui, Or Weltschmerz at Mental Floss
Some stayed in between films, some stayed in between marriages– like Humphrey Bogart, who was once attacked with a kitchen knife in his Garden villa by his estranged wife, who had found him living there with Lauren Bacall. Fellow residents gathered around the house to watch the scene as Bacall escaped out the back door.A Who's Who of Hollywood actors, musicians, and literary figures found refuge and creative inspiration at the Garden of Allah, but they also found sex, drugs, and alcohol in abundance. This lasted until 1959, when the hotel hosted a huge party just before it was demolished. Read about the heyday of the Garden of Allah at Messy Nessy Chic.
There was never a dull moment at the Garden. “It Girl” Clara Bow was notorious for pushing hotel butlers off the diving boards and management looked the other way while the original Tarzan actor was said to have satisfied his numerous “Janes” in the hotel pool. One famous Broadway actress answered her bungalow door naked while her pet monkey collected telegrams from startled delivery boys. An inebriated American comedian and writer, Robert Benchley, would often have himself moved in a wheelbarrow between the villas’ endless parties.