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|1429||Henry VI is crowned King of England.|
|1812||The first winter snow falls on the French Army as Napoleon Bonaparte retreats form Moscow.|
|1860||Lincoln is elected the 16th president of the United States.|
|1861||Jefferson Davis is elected to a six-year term as president of the Confederacy.|
|1863||A Union force surrounds and scatters defending Confederates at the Battle of Droop Mountain, in West Virginia.|
|1891||Comanche, the only 7th Cavalry horse to survive George Armstrong Custer’s “Last Stand” at the Little Bighorn, dies at Fort Riley, Kansas.|
|1911||Maine becomes a dry state.|
|1917||The Bolshevik “October Revolution” (October 25 on the old Russian calendar), led by Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky, seizes power in Petrograd.|
|1923||As European inflation soars, one loaf of bread in Berlin is reported to be worth about 140 billion German marks.|
|1945||The first landing of a jet on a carrier takes place on the USS Wake Island when an FR-1 Fireball touches down.|
|1973||Coleman Young becomes the first African-American mayor of Detroit, Michigan.|
|1985||Guerrillas of the leftist 19th of April Movement seize Colombia’s Palace of Justice in Bogota; during the two-day siege and the military assault to retake the building over 100 people are killed, including 11 of the 25 Supreme Court justices.|
|1986||A British International Helicopters Boeing 234LRR Chinook crashes 2.5 miles east of Sumburgh Airport; 45 people are killed, the deadliest civilian helicopter crash to date (2013).|
|1986||The Iran arms-for-hostages deal is revealed, damaging the Reagan junta.|
|1995||The Rova of Antananarivo, home of Madagascar’s sovereigns from the 16th to the 19th centuries, is destroyed by fire.|
|1999||Australia’s voters reject a referendum to make the country a republic with a president appointed by Parliament.|
They sentenced Marie not only to hang, but for her body to be gruesomely displayed in a metal gibbet as a warning. She was hanged in April of 1763, and her body was placed on public display for about five weeks in nearby Pointe Lévis.Only the gibbet, a metal body enclosure, remained when Corriveau’s grave was found by accident in 1851. The artifact traveled more than Corriveau ever did. Read the story of Marie-Josephte Corriveau at Atlas Obscura.
“They wanted to give an advertisement to the population with this hanging in the cage,” says Toupin. “It was unusual because this tradition didn’t exist anymore in France, but the British still used it, so it was a new thing for us, and for us an important political symbol. It’s still in our memory, because what they did was unfair.” Corriveau’s extreme sentence, both shocking and cruel, cemented her story in the local history and culture.
Eventually Corriveau’s body, metal gibbet and all, were taken down and buried in an unmarked grave in a Pointe-Lévis churchyard. And for almost 100 years, that’s where she stayed, her story slowly taking on mythic dimensions.