Welcome to Today's Edition of
Carolina Naturally is read in 210 countries around the world daily.
Got, Tea ... !
|1872||Russian Grand Duke Alexis goes on a gala buffalo hunting expedition with Gen. Phil Sheridan and Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer.|
|1879||The British-Zulu War begins. British troops — under Lieutenant General Frederic Augustus — invade Zululand from the southern African republic of Natal.|
|1908||A wireless message is sent long-distance for the first time from the Eiffel Tower in Paris.|
|1913||Kiel and Wilhelmshaven become submarine bases in Germany.|
|1915||The U.S. Congress establishes Rocky Mountain National Park.|
|1926||U.S. coal talks break down, leaving both sides bitter as the strike drags on into its fifth month.|
|1927||U.S. Secretary of State Kellogg claims that Mexican rebel Plutarco Calles is aiding a communist plot in Nicaragua.|
|1932||Oliver Wendell Holmes retires from the Supreme Court at age 90.|
|1938||Austria recognizes the Franco government in Spain.|
|1940||Soviet bombers raid cities in Finland.|
|1943||Soviet forces raise the siege of Leningrad.|
|1952||The Viet Minh cut the supply lines to the French forces in Hoa Binh, Vietnam.|
|1962||The United States resumes aid to the Laotian regime.|
|1973||Yassar Arafat is re-elected as head of the Palestinian Liberation Organization.|
|1982||Peking protests the sale of U.S. planes to Taiwan.|
|1991||The U.S. Congress gives the green light to military action against Iraq in the Persian Gulf Crisis.|
|1998||Nineteen European nations agree to prohibit human cloning.|
|2010||An earthquake in Haiti kills an estimated 316,000 people.|
The Tantalus cup sounds like a dribble glass, but that prank simply has holes hidden in a design on the side so that the liquid leaks when the cup is tipped. The Tantalus cup has a much more elegant design based on the physics of a siphon and can be traced to the Greek mathematician Pythagoras, who is more famous for his theorem: “In a right-angled triangle the square of the hypotenuse is equal [to the sum of] the squares of the two other sides” or a2 + b2 = c2. Pythagoras wasn’t exactly a prankster and his invention was better known as the Greedy cup after its true purpose – to keep drinkers from imbibing too much.The image shows how the Pythagorean cup works. You can see the Tantalus cup here.
Opiates made up 15 percent of all prescriptions dispensed in Boston in 1888, according to a survey of the city’s drug stores. “In 1890, opiates were sold in an unregulated medical marketplace,” wrote Caroline Jean Acker in her 2002 book, Creating the American Junkie: Addiction Research in the Classic Era of Narcotic Control. “Physicians prescribed them for a wide range of indications, and pharmacists sold them to individuals medicating themselves for physical and mental discomforts.”As the 20th century approached, doctors began to see what so many prescriptions for morphine had done, and the tide slowly started to turn. Read about the rise and fall of opioid addiction in the 19th century at Smithsonian.
Male doctors turned to morphine to relieve many female patients’ menstrual cramps, “diseases of a nervous character,” and even morning sickness. Overuse led to addiction. By the late 1800s, women made up more than 60 percent of opium addicts. “Uterine and ovarian complications cause more ladies to fall into the [opium] habit, than all other diseases combined,” wrote Dr. Frederick Heman Hubbard in his 1881 book, The Opium Habit and Alcoholism.
Since the sex of a sea turtle is determined by the heat of sand incubating their eggs, scientists had suspected they might see slightly more females. Climate change, after all, has driven air and sea temperatures higher, which, in these creatures, favors female offspring. But instead, they found female sea turtles from the Pacific Ocean's largest and most important green sea turtle rookery now outnumber males by at least 116 to 1.Further studies show that the sex imbalance in sea turtles has been there for some time, but it's getting worse quickly. The effect is more pronounced near coral reefs that are dying, and less near healthy reefs. While fewer males than females are needed to continue a species, what happens when there are no males left? Temperature fluctuations affect sex imbalance on other species, too, particularly reptiles and fish. Read about the latest sea turtle research at NatoGeo News.
"This is extreme—like capital letters extreme, exclamation point extreme," says turtle scientist Camryn Allen, with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration in Hawaii. "We're talking a handful of males to hundreds and hundreds of females. We were shocked."